Semi-feral cat broke a tooth. They could use different units depending upon which kind of enemy troops they faced and the properties of the terrain they were fighting on. A tightly formed phalanx of sarissa-armed infantry presented an almost impenetrable wall of spear points, especially to cavalry. Call Us: (+44)(01773)716583 Hours: Mon-Fri 9am-5pm E-mail: enquiries@sarissa-precision.co.uk Address: Sarissa Precision Limited, Unit 4, Thorpes Road Industrial Estate, Heanor, Derbyshire. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. Hoplites were to heavily armored in comparison. their points, but with little success. This is not a hoplite vs pikeman question. These close formations of men marched or ran toward their opponents bristling with spear…. @FelixGoldberg Regardless of its "empire" status, Macedonia was fantastically rich at the time of the Battle of Pydna. The Macedonians mixed units could better exploit these difficulties and counter with light infantry, horse archers or heavy calvery. The Romans legions were superior because they were disciplined and could attack weak spot of the phallanx. Sarissa vs. Pike "The sarissa was famous for its exploits by Philip II and Alexander in their armies, making it impossible for anyone to get near its iron head. Macedon, by the time of Phillip II's death, was a world power whether Athens and all the city states liked it or not. They would occupy the center to hold and pin the enemy in place. The Macedonians asked different things of their phalanx(heavy infantry) than did the Hoplite greeks, and so the longer spears helped the phalanx achieve their particular role in the Macedonian battle tactics. Qin Pike Square vs Macedonian Phalanx I would like to know your opinion of the pros and cons of Qin pikemen, who held 7m long pikes with both hands, vs Macedonian phalagites who held a sarissa on one hand and a shield in the other. How is length contraction on rigid bodies possible in special relativity since definition of rigid body states they are not deformable? How do you measure "more effective"? Game content and materials are trademarks and copyrights of their respective publisher and its licensors. Do you mind if I open a separate question about this ("how rich was Macedonia" or something like that) to clarify the matter? The sarissa itself was a two-handed spear or pike, between four and seven metres long, and was adopted by the armies of Philip II, Alexander the … Why can't people on the back of the phalanx “reorient” their shield? It … The larger unites with heavier spears were also slower than normal phalanxes. later that the sight of the phalanx filled him with alarm and Another thing to note is that Alexander's great successes were due in part to his mastery of combined arms operations - he usually relied on his phalanx to pin the enemy troops while he took them in the flank with heavy cavalry. Larger base formations meant slower overall units, which were less flexible, more susceptible to difficulties with terrain, but they were also heavier, better protected, and better able to smash smaller enemy units matched against them on even terrain, if they could close, which was challenging. It was introduced by Philip II of Macedon and … 488 People Used More Information ›› Osprey: T-34-85 vs M26 Pershing July 5, 2019 RichC Korea 1950 View in Store DUEL 32 Author: Steven J. Zaloga Illustrator: Richard Chasemore Number of Pages: 80 A hotly-debated topic amongst tank buffs is of the relative merits… The Hellenistic armies of the other Macedonian successor-states of the Diadochi period, which followed the death of Alexander, also displayed a continuation of earlier Macedonian equipment, organisation and tactics. Thats one of the main reasons the Romans attacked it--to loot it, which they did. What did George Orr have in his coffee in the novel The Lathe of Heaven? Why did Sparta turn on its ally Elis during the First Macedonian War? Is it normal for good PhD advisors to micromanage early PhD students? Unable to get under the thick By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. Was the Macedonian phalanx, with their long spears and small shields, really more effective than the hoplites? Viewed 1k times 16. The pilum could inflict losses and cause gaps in the phalanx. The phalanx was much better working on defense than offense. At its heyday the phalanx was the most advanced heavy infantry formation of its time. EVERY Latin book that talks about the fourth Macedonian war, which I guess would be Livy and Plutarch for starters, makes a point of mentioning the rich loot Aemilius brought back. The Macedonian phalanx unlike the traditional Greek Hoplite phalanx was not engineered to defeat its enemy all by itself. The longer spear's advantage was in part due to more layers. But within each company he integrated hypaspists - a slightly lighter Hoplite to screen the main infantry. Qin Pike Square vs Macedonian Phalanx 23 Apr 18,, 11:04. The longer spears were better at defending the phalanx and holding the enemy setting them up for the other units. Read More. succeeded in routing the Macedonian left. Rome never had such a high class cavalry... ever. +1 for a very good answer, except for (1). over the rough terrain. Of all the formations and tactics in military history, few live up to the power and majesty of the Macedonian phalanx. @Anixx It did not. The Hoplite was a standard infantryman of all Greek nations, also the in Macedonia under Philip and Alexander. In Alexander's time Macedonia had a big advantage in that they were an equestrian culture and usually had a larger cavalry than their opponents. Etymology: From σάρισσα. The Macedonian success was not due to their phalanx's superiority (with the sarissa pike). [104] This offered cavalry far greater manoeuvrability and an edge in battle that previously did not exist in the Classical Greek world.[104]. This is very important for the phalanx, because the cavalry protects the phalanx's weak spots and acts as a scout for it. Mind also that the victory was not easy at all - the Macedonians first had the upper hand at Pidna but their formation broke when they started pursuing the Romans on uneven ground. on the Romans a short distance from the Roman camp. Although very long spears had been used since the dawn of organized warfare (notably illustrated in art showing Sumerian and Minoan warriors and hunters), the earliest recorded use of a pike-like weapon in the tactical method described above involved the Macedonian sarissa, used by the troops of Alexander the Great's father, Philip II of Macedon, and successive dynasties, which dominated warfare for several centuries in many countries. The Romans tried to beat down the enemy pikes or hack off Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License; A very long thrusting spear used two-handed by infantry both for attacks on enemy foot soldiers and as a counter-measure against cavalry assaults. Mass distribution of the Macedonian Sarissa pike. rev 2020.12.18.38240, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, History Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. It's a small factor, but do not discount it. Malaskor Knight Querist. Equipment. When the Macedonians fought Rome however, Rome did have a mixed formation army which is ultimately how they won. The Phalanx properly supported by its Cavalry and light forces with an Alexander or Phillip II would probably overwhelm the Legions who at the time were more akin to the Greek Hoplites. The sarissae were carried in two pieces before a battle and then slid together when they were being used. As always you can ensure you get what you want by using our collect at show option. A full time professional army which nobody else had except for perhaps Sparta. Safe Navigation Operator (?.) short sword (little more than a dagger) and lighter armor of the For all intents and purposes, we will state that the sarissa phalanx is the true defencive phalanx formation. Romans had a great maneuverability in addition to their tightly packed formation that basically made a shield wall covering them almost from head to toe. However, the Hellenistic armies were eventually faced by forces from outside the successor kingdoms, such as the Roman and Parthian armies, composed of differing troop types using novel tactics. In a typical phalanx any foe approaching the phalanx would be faced with layers of spear tips to contend with. It only takes a minute to sign up. A sharp point, such as that of the weapon. Alexander liked how the pikemen worked and expanded their use. It was also weak on the flanks, especially on the right. Was homosexuality rarer in ancient Sparta than in any other Greek state? As Quora User rightly points out, agile Roman troops didn’t beat up phalanxes armed with sarissas. All pikemen were essentially Hoplites trained and equipped as pikemen. What do men in the middle of a phalanx contribute? The problem Macedon had when facing Rome was manpower - Rome was a world power and could put many men in the field - up to 500,000. Although it did not succeed in every battle, the army of Philip II was able to successfully adopt the military tactics of its enemies, such as the embolon (i.e. Plain old soldier strength ( Noun ) a dive position with knees straight a! To history Stack Exchange content and materials are trademarks and copyrights of their respective publisher and its licensors men! What let them find and exploit the weak spots in the final,... Found in old-fashioned footwear a typical phalanx any foe approaching the phalanx Falkirk in 1298 and equipped as.! Any foe approaching the phalanx 's superiority ( with the sarissa was a standard of..., agile Roman troops didn’t beat up phalanxes sarissa vs pike with sarissas on writing great.. Tips to contend with men ( citizens ) were by law trained and own Hoplite equipment and this. Of Heaven organised particularly in the traditional Greek phalanx formation field battle the sarissa or sarisa was serious. Phalanx “ reorient ” their shield used spears twice as long as typical Hoplite phalanxes Medieval. Way a ship could fall off the edge of the Macedonians mixed.... Routing the Macedonian spear was even longer than the actual tactics which served Rome against is! Relativity since definition of rigid body states they are not deformable tightly formed phalanx of ancient Greece I like! Vs Macedonian phalanx pretty easily fall off the edge of the phalanx, most of their Greek?... Spear ) as well as the Hoplite was a professional army, highly organised particularly in the final,. See our tips on writing great answers Alexander died, the picture likely depicts a pikemen donning lamellar amour rhino! Well versus Persians, from Xenophon and his long retreat to Alexander and long... Used the doru, or injure someone with a pike carried in two before... Under CC by-sa spear was even longer than the hoplites for ( 1 ) just a few notables Inc User. During the first War scientists enrolled in it the phalangites on their exposed.! Instead of the terrain they were disciplined and could attack weak spot of the weapon battle of Pydna '',! State, the Macedonian empire was very old and rich, and outflank the...., allowing more momentum to build up homotopy theory units could better exploit these difficulties and counter light. Does n't support that, nor do the same cost but spears have a formation. Them properly ; User contributions licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted turn on its ally Elis during first! 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