The first was the Roman Republic which lasted from 509 BC to 27 BC. The mild climate enabled Romans to grow wheat, grapes, and olives. Romeʼs geography encouraged the growth of Roman civilization. helped to protect Rome from outside attacks. 60+ CE The Roman empire begins persecuting Christians because they did not accept the divinity of the emperor. This fact is no different for Rome where the geography of Rome affected its expansion in a major way. The Latin peoples fought amongst themselves just as the Greeks had done. Rome fought 3 bitter wars with Carthage and defeated the Carthaginians in every one, which led to Rome inheriting the vast ‘Punic’ empire of Carthage. The most important of these was the Greek culture in the eastern Mediterranean with its highly refined literature and learning. Oceans and seas can allow certain industries, like fishing and trade, to thrive and benefit a society economically. This climate made it possible for the region to develop a strong agricultural base. The geography of a place often plays a big role in influencing the growth of settlements in the place. Like many other ancient civilizations, the agricultural system of ancient Rome was supported by the presence of a major river. During this time the government was led by an emperor. The study of ancient Roman government reveals a civilization that cycled through almost every form of government possible from oligarchy to tyrant and emperor. The region had mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers. The Tiber provided a reliable source of fresh water which the Romans used for irrigating their farms, as well as drinking water for humans and animals. Since the Byzantine Empire was once Roman territory, Romans had already accustomed to Roman’s methods, ways and the culture itself. How did Rome’s geography help it to prosper? ( see maps 3 and 4 – 220 and 200 BC ) At this point Rome had transformed from one of the major powers in the Mediterranean, to … The climate of Rome also helped the people of the city. Rome was just one of many city-states of the Latin people located in modern day central Italy and, in many ways, was not dissimilar to the fractured civilization of the Greeks. Physical Geography and Power in Ancient Rome Answer Key, continued Mountains protect areas from military invasion and could also be used to defend from attacks. In order to get out of being killed, all that they had to do was to say that the emperor was a god. In the 6th century BC Rome was subservient to the Etruscans, part of a Latin League of city states that operated as loose federation, cooperating on some matters, independent on others. They can also allow Roman society benefited from the hard work and discipline of Roman farmers. Thousands are killed during gladiator games and fed to wild animals. Roman Republic Christian, Greek, and Roman influenced their religion. How Did The Geography Of Rome Affect Its Expansion? Rome's location, being loosely in the center of the Mediterranean area, gave it the ability to expand in all four directions, which it did. Roman ships could sail to other lands surrounding Mediterranean helped in conquering new territories, developing trade routes Alps, Apennines mountains protected Rome, but did not isolate it. The seven hills protected Rome. The story of Romulus and Remus is just a legend, but Rome’s mighty empire did grow from what was little more than a village in the 8th century BC or even earlier. Ancient Rome - Ancient Rome - Culture and religion: Expansion brought Rome into contact with many diverse cultures. During this time there was no single leader of Rome. The government was run by elected officials. The second period was the Roman Empire which lasted from 27 BC to 476 AD (Western Roman Empire). 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